Publishing your website online is like unleashing the doors to all your saves, allowing strangers to access it. At times you may anticipate that your site has nothing to be hacked due to which the security of your website is compromised at many levels. But you fail to understand that generally, the hackers like the Syrian Electronic Army are not trying to steal your information rather they are either attempting to use your server as an email relay for spamming or to set up a makeshift web server for serving illicit purposes or there are times when you could even be hit with ransomware, by DDOS attacks .
Hacking is generally executed by automated scripts which are basically written in an endeavour capitalise on most of the vulnerable issues of a software for illegitimate activities. So in order to safeguard your website you need to lay down a systemic plan which is impervious and impermeable.
Here are a few tips and tricks that you can incorporate into your website to fortify it against malicious attacks:
a. Staying Updated:
Keeping abreast your website is the best way to keep hackers at an arms distance. The best way to do so is to be updated with sites like Hacker News which regular inform its followers about loopholes that may exist in your website and utilise the information that you have gathered from such websites. Keeping all the vitals, maybe it is the server operating system or any software or plugin running: CMS or Forum, of your website, is like keeping your website secure.
While if your website is being managed by a hosting company then you barely need to worry about updations since that would be done by the company. In case you are using a third-party software on your website them you should be vigilant enough to patch the loopholes. Generally, vendors use a feedback mechanism to notify its users about the updations required on your website.
b. Keep a Secured Password:
This might simply a quite simple thing but it is an eminent step that most people tend to skip. It is always quite tempting and lucrative to opt for something that is easy to remember: a series of the keyboard, name and date of birth, the name of your company, etc. But you should be cautious enough not to be swayed by this and should always keep a password that is an amalgamation of number, characters, special symbols, capital and small letter words.
Make sure that put in enough effort to come up with a secure password!
c. SQL Injection
SQL Injection is an attack that an attacker uses a web form or URL parameter to obtain an access or to manipulate the database of the website. These days it is quite easy to insert a bogus code into your query which can result in altering the function of your tables and can even retrieve or format data. With a little knowledge of SQL, you can easily work on it by parameterising and prevent this injection of arbitrary code.
d. Giving Away Information:
You should always be cautious about the information you give away when an error message pops up. You should be careful that least errors appear in front of your users so that minimal information is given away. You should not provide your user with the full exception details since in this case, SQL Injection attack can be way too easy. Moreover, always keep a detailed track of your server logs and depict the user with only the required information.
e. Install a Web Application Firewall.
A Web Application Firewall(WAF) is a software that acts as an interface between the server and the data connection by reading every bit of the data passing through it. Generally, WAFs have a cloud-based storage and are provided as plug-and-play services, within a quite humble subscription per month. The Cloud Service serves as a gateway for all the incoming traffic and is generally deployed in front of the server. After installing it, WAF provides you with a complete peace of mind by blocking all the malicious activities and also filters all another type of unwanted traffic: spammers and malicious bots.
f. Hiding your Admin Page:
You should never let your admin page to be indexed by search engines. To prevent this you should always make use of Robots_txt file to dismiss such listings. In simple words, if the Admin Page does not by directly searching for it then it would be difficult for hackers to search it while on the other hand if indexed the hackers use various easy techniques to slurp in.
g. Use SSL:
Always use encrypted SSL Protocol when you considering to transferring users’ personal information from the database to the website. This prevents the information leakage and dispersal in the transit and prevents the third party to access it illegitimately.