There are a plethora of ways to configure your home recording studio. But for a beginner, this can be quite intimidating since bring together all the components of the system is a tedious task. This article caters to the need of the beginners who are trying to establish their your audio station. Here I am discussing a detailed account of all the instruments that you might need, along with an elaborate trail of their pros and cons.
Here is a list of basic instruments required for your own audio station:
- A Computer
- DAW/Audio Interface Combo
- Studio Monitors
- Cables & Stands
Your computer will serve as the primary element for setting up your recording studio. If you are considering which computer to opt for, don’t fret! Just go along with your own system and choose peripheral gears that can easily support multiple platforms. It is after establishing the basic studio and exploring every nook and corner of it that you can look for upgrading it. But initially, you need to pick an interface: either a PC, Mac or an iPad. If you have either of them readily available at home, just use them. Since all of these are adequate for recording, sharing and mixing tracks.
b. DAW/Audio Interface Combo:
Digital Audio Workstation is a software that aids you in mixing, recording, editing and altering a music track that has either been previously recorded or downloaded from the web. It is an elementary component that you will purchase which will aid in interconnecting your computer with the rest of your gear. It fetched the recordings to your computer, thus connecting it to the speakers or headphones for delivering the recorded track.
There are two companies Presonus and Avid that are best in the business.
i. Personus offers a free variant of their Studio One Artist DAW with the following popular interfaces:
- PreSonus AudioBox USB – (Amazon/GuitarC/MusiciansF/Thomann)
- Presonus AudioBox 22VSL – (Amazon/GuitarC/MusiciansF/Thomann)
- Presonus Audiobox 44VSL – (Amazon /GuitarC /MusiciansF /Thomann)
ii. Avid as well offers a free version of Pro Tools 12 DAW with the following interfaces:
- Pro Tools DUET – (Amazon/GuitarC/MusiciansF/Thomann)
- Pro Tools QUARTET – (Amazon/GuitarC/MusiciansF/Thomann)
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c. Studio Monitors
Studio Monitors are speakers that produce a neat and sharp sound so that listener can precisely listen to the high and low keynotes. These are majorly used when music mixing is considered. Compared to the regular speaker these monitors are designed with various tonal enhancements. They have a quite flat frequency response which in turn provides you with a more neutral and uncoloured sound that helps in objectively choosing the correct mix. Here are a few pocket-friendly studio monitors:
- Samson Resolv A6 pair which cost around $250
- Yamaha HS50M which cost $150
- Yamaha HS80M P67A for $250
If you plan to record vocals or live instruments, you will need microphones. There are various types of microphones that are used in recording. With this, you can use the three basic option that is available in all microphone: connecting directly o the external mic port on your computer; easily record through an audio interface, and connect to USB microphones. Let’s take, for instance, Shure SM-57 is a popular choice of many recorders and the AKG 535 EB produces splendid vocals, so for you to choose between the popular and inexpensive one, I think you should opt for inexpensive ones since you are just a budding recorder. On the other side, if you can go for Behringer C-1 and Samson C01 which are under $100 but the quality is affected.
Once the track has been sent to the computer then you need to hear the track that has been recorded. To create your perfect piece of art you need to precisely hear every note and work on it. So you need to invest in good quality headphones to obtain a perfect mix and judge it accurately.
For studios there are basically two variants:
- Closed Back-Tracking Headphones which provide its users with optimal seclusion at the cost of lesser sound quality
- Open Back-Mixing Headphones are the ones which offer optimal sound quality at the cost of seclusion.
f. Cables & Stands
To connect your hardware you will need a hand full of cables. USB based cable, USB-A and USB-B cables can be used to connect most of the gears. Microphones use XLR interface so for them, you require XLR cables.
To uphold mic and other utilities you basically need stands. So investing in a stand is a worthwhile investment. It gives you a firm hold on your devices and makes the recording experience more organised. In this way life, your instruments increase and there are less wear and tear.
g. Pop Filters
In order to record a great variety of music, you require Pop Filters. Most of the Pop singers today use Pop Filters since this equipment is used to filter out the noise and disturbances. These filters are pretty cheap, generally less than $7.
- Music Stack Exchange6